Migraines are severe headaches that can make performing even basic functions difficult or at times, nearly impossible. The headaches are very painful, and people often become highly sensitive to loud sounds and bright lights when they’re having a migraine. Some patients also feel nauseated or even vomit when they experience a bad migraine. A single migraine may last anywhere from a few hours to more than a day. Migraines are usually triggered by a substance or experience the patient is exposed to at any given time. Common migraine triggers include:
Migraines and other headaches are usually treated with medication. Even if over-the-counter medicine doesn’t relieve the symptoms, prescription medication usually will help. Doctors have several medications they can prescribe, depending on a patient’s symptoms and other health considerations. Some anti-seizure medications, antidepressants, cardiovascular medications and pain medications can help relieve symptoms. Botox®, which is widely used in aesthetic medicine, may even be used to treat ongoing migraines. Prevention is another key component in treating migraines. Doctors may help patients to learn what triggers the headache, leading to successful avoidance. There are also medications that can prevent migraines from striking, although these are most often used when a person experiences several migraines weekly or has very severe symptoms.
Medications for migraines either stops the migraine from occurring in the first place or stop the migraine after it has begun. Preventative migraine medication is usually taken daily and is most often prescribed to patients who have frequent or severe migraines. The medication that stops the headache after it has started are taken as needed. These medications are available in many forms including injections, pills, skin patches, and nasal spray. These medications are helpful to patients who suffer from nausea and vomiting with their migraines.